Drug Offences are violations of the Controlled Drugs and Substances Act (CDSA), involving all types of illicit drugs, including: Possession, Obtaining, Trafficking, Possession for the Purpose of Trafficking, Importing and Exporting.
These offences involve various forms of “unruly” behavior, resulting in a range of transgressions to others, including: Mischief (vandalism), Causing a Disturbance, Trespassing, Obstruction, Resisting Arrest, Escaping from Custody, and Perjury.
Property offences involve any conduct designed to have a negative impact upon the property or finances of another person. These offences include: Shoplifting, Car Theft, Mischief (vandalism), B&E, Arson, Fraud, Robbery, and “White Collar Crimes.
Breaches involve violations of court orders and result in new criminal charges, such as breaches of a: Summons, Promise to Appear, Undertaking, Recognizance, Peace Bond, Conditional Discharge, Probation Order or Conditional Sentence Order.
Sexual offences are especially serious and many now carry mandatory minimum jail sentences. Serious offences include: Sexual Assaults and Child Pornography charges; less serious charges include: Indecent Acts, Harassment and Prostitution.
These offences are not criminal and usually result in a fine as a penalty. They involve violations of any Provincial Statute or Regulation, such as tickets under the Traffic Safety Act, or more serious offences like defrauding the government.